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The Basics on The Female Reproductive System

The Basics on The Female Reproductive System

Female Reproductive System 101

Need a brief recap on the female reproductive system? We want to honour the inner workings of the female body and share with you all a simple ( I repeat, very simple) 101 on how this incredible system functions.


Let’s begin with wonderful and often misunderstood Vagina. Now the vagina is, in fact, a very specific muscular and resilient tube-like structure that stems from the uterus and extends down to the outside of the body. The Vagina:

- Vaginal discharge and menstrual blood flow down the vagina to be released from the body.
- A baby is pushed out of the body down the vagina, but don’t fret, the vagina can expand by 200% to accommodate birth [1].

What protects the vagina and internal sexual organs is the Vulva. The vulva consists of all that you see from the outside - The labia majora and labia minora (naturally ranging in all sorts of length, shapes and colour), the ever so important clitoris and safely covered by the labia is the urethra (the small canal to urinate from).

The wondrous Uterus is where new life can be formed and where every month the lining of the corpus (uterus walls) thicken in preparation for pregnancy and if no pregnancy occurs, well, hello period! 

The base of the uterus is in fact, the cervix. The Cervix is kind of like the protective gate to the uterus, shielding the uterus from unwanted bacteria. When the lining of the uterus sheds monthly, the cervix opens up to release menstrual blood down through the vagina.

Ovaries– The two almond-shaped ovaries have two primary functions:

1. The production of reproductive hormones, oestrogen and progesterone.

2.  The keeper of eggs. Yep, it is true that females are born with a set amount of eggs, approximately 2 million. Every month or so just one egg matures in one of the ovaries and is released, this is called ovulation. If no pregnancy occurs, the egg is shed out of the uterus during your period [2]

Lastly, the Fallopian Tubes. These tubes are connected to either side of the uterus and have two main functions:

1. After ovulation, the egg will rest in one of the fallopian tubes for 12-24 hours waiting for a lucky sperm to come along - to complete the fertilization process. 

2.  A fertilized or unfertilised egg is transported via the fallopian tube to the uterus. [3]

So there we have it, a very basic run-through of the amazing female reproductive system. Really, there is so much more we could add, however, this blog would turn into a 4-page article! 

Self love and care begins with understanding your natural inner workings for healthier choices to support good vaginal and reproductive health.

One of the healthy and sustainable choices are with hannahPADs and if you're curious a hannahCUP. Check out our full range of liners, pads and menstrual cups HERE.




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